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Title:  

Illinois State Water Survey Annual Report

 
 Volume/Number:  2004-2005  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0039
 Description:  Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) continues to provide a wealth of scientific and engineering data for use by individuals, businesses, and government agencies throughout Illinois and the nation. The many uses of these data include education, research, natural resources planning, insurance, public health, transportation, policy analysis, agriculture, energy development, facilities maintenance, and construction. More information is contained throughout this 2004-2005 Annual Report. Almost every area of Illinois has been served by the Survey during its 100-year-plus tenure. 
 Agency ID:   
 ISL ID:  000000000195   Original UID: 218 
  Documents:  20060720220004_annualreport.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Illinois State Water Survey annual report

 
 Volume/Number:    
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 
 Description:  The Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) continues to provide a wealth of scientific and engineering data for use by individuals, businesses, and government agencies throughout Illinois and the nation. The many uses of this datainclude education, research, natural resources planning, insurance, public health, transportation,policy analysis, agriculture, energy development, facilities maintenance, and construction. Examples of new and evolving ISWS products and services are contained throughout these reports. 
 Agency ID:   
 ISL ID:  000000000219   Original UID: NA for serial records 
 

Title:  

Rainfall Frequency Atlas of the Midwest

 
 Volume/Number:  71  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0107
 Description:  This report presents the results and methodology of an intense study of rainfall frequency relationships throughout the Midwest (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin). Using primarily 275 long-term daily reporting stations from the National Weather Service cooperative network supplemented by 134 daily reporting stations with shorter records, rainfall amounts have been determined for recurrence intervals from 2 months to 100 years and for durations of 5 minutes to 10 days. The results are presented as maps and as climate division averages in tabular form. Several special raingage networks were used to develop relationships between amounts for 24 hours and less. This report also examines the time distributions of heavy rainfall over time, and other storm characteristics such as storm orientation and movement. The assumption of spatially independent observations between stations also is discussed. 
 Agency ID:  ISWS B-71 
 ISL ID:  000000000719   Original UID: 774 
  Documents:  20060926183941_ISWSB-71.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Climate Fluctuations in Illinois, 1901-1980

 
 Volume/Number:    
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0107
 Description:  Changes in climate directly affect four areas of major ctivity and concern in Illinois water, energy, agriculture, and transportation. This report presents selected Illinois records for 1901-1980 on a variety of atmospheric conditions that allow assessment of climate fluctuations, climate trends, variability around the trends, and impacts of these changes on the four areas of concern. Documented are changes in statewide and regional precipitation and temperature, plus selected point (station) data. Also presented are changes in other atmospheric conditions including relative humidity, sky cover and sunshine, visibility and related air quality smoke/haze/dust), severe local storms, and wind speed and direction. The historical records are carefully evaluated as to quality. Analyses of the data indicate changes in the more recent 20 years (1961-1980 compared with 1901-1960) to wetter and cooler conditions: more rain and snow and fewer droughts; decreases in temperatures especially in summer and winter, with fewer extremely warm days and many more extremely cold days; increases in cloudiness and decreases in sunshine and clear days especially in summer; and increases in wind speeds with more diverse wind directions. All trends are more marked in the extreme seasons of summer and winter than in the transition seasons of spring and fall, although somewhat warmer springs have produced a slightly longer growing season in the recent period. Mixed regional changes are noted in other atmospheric conditions, and no trend is apparent for relative humidity. 
 Agency ID:  ISWS B 68 
 ISL ID:  000000000720   Original UID: 776 
  Documents:  20060926184206_ISWSB-68.pdf
 
 

Title:  

The mineral content of Illinois waters

 
 Volume/Number:  1908  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  The State Water Survey of Illinois began the investigation of the waters of the State in 1895. While the Survey has laid special stress on the determination of the character of the waters from a sanitary standpoint, it has also often been called upon to make analyses of the mineral content to determine its character from a medicinal or commercial standpoint. In the various reports so far issued by the Survey only results of the sanitary investigations were published. It had been the intention to publish the results of the mineral analyses in a previous report but this had to be postponed until the present time when, in cooperation with the Geological Survey, it has become possible. This Bulletin, primarily, contains the records of the analyses made to determine the composition of the mineral residue with reference to the value of the water for manufacturing and medicinal uses, but there are also included the sanitary analyses, wherever such analyses have been made. 
 Agency ID:  B-4 
 ISL ID:  000000000723   Original UID: 999999992004 
  Documents:  20060927102149_ISWSB-4.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Municipal water supplies of Illinois

 
 Volume/Number:  1908  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  For more than ten years the State Water Survey has been making analyses of the various waters used by the people of the State. The work has been carried on in accordance with an Act of the Fortieth General Assembly entitled An Act to establish a chemical survey of the waters of the State of Illinois." This report contains data concerning the source of the water supplies and the quality of the water of cities which according to the census of 1900 had more than 1,000 inhabitants. The data concerning the supplies was obtained by correspondence with water works officials or city officers. Three series of letters were sent out and a direct-report, more or less complete, has been received from all but fourteen of the cities having more than 1,000 inhabitants. In a few instances data have been taken from previous works which treat of the municipal water supplies of Illinois. In nearly every case we have confirmed the data thus taken. There are also included analytical data which have been obtained by the survey since its foundation in 1897 to the end of 1906. 
 Agency ID:  B-5 
 ISL ID:  000000000724   Original UID: 999999992005 
  Documents:  20060927102428_ISWSB-5.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical and biological survey of the waters of Illinois: report from September 1, 1906 to December 31, 1907

 
 Volume/Number:  1908  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  EDMUND JANES JAMES, PH. D., LL.D., President University of Illinois. SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the State Water Survey from September 1, 1906 to December 31, 1907, with the request that it be printed as a bulletin of the University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series No. 6. The report includes a detailed description of the work accomplished during the 16 months ending December 31st, 1907, with a summary, by years, of the analyses made since the foundation of the Survey to that time, and a summary, by months, of the analyses made during the last two years. The new quarters into which the Survey moved during the summer of 1907, are described. The progress of the co-operative work with the State Board of Health, and with the Engineering Experiment Station of the University of Illinois, the State Geological Survey, and the Water Resources Branch of the United States Geological Survey, is reported. There are included the descriptions of several experiments or investigations carried on by the Survey. For these investigations special thanks are due to Mr. J. M. Lindgren for his Experiments in Water Treatment, to Mr. A. W. Sellards for the chapter on Sanitary Chemical Examination of Water Bacteria, to both of these gentlemen and to Professor A. N. Talbot, Professor H. S. Grindley, Mr. R. H. Slocum and the Corn Products Refining Company, for assistance and co-operation in the study of Trade Wastes at Waukegan; and to Dr. W. G. Bain for the description of the stand for fermentation tubes. Respectfully submitted, EDWARD BARTOW, Director. 
 Agency ID:  B-6 
 ISL ID:  000000000725   Original UID: 999999992006 
  Documents:  20060927102553_ISWSB-6.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical and biological survey of the waters of Illinois: report for the year ending December 31, 1908

 
 Volume/Number:  1909  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  Edmund Janes James, Ph. D., LL. D., President University of Illinois: SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the State Water Survey for the year ending December 31, 1908, and request that it be printed as a bulletin of the University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series No. 7. The report includes a brief description of the work done during the year ending December 31, 1908, with a summary, by years, of analyses made since the foundation of the Survey and a summary; by months, of analyses made during the year. There is also included in the report an article describing the scientific work done at the laboratories of the State Water Survey in the investigation of methods of analysis. A description is given of difficulties experienced with incrustation in the discharge pipe at the filtration plant at Quincy, Illinois. Investigations of farm water supplies in several parts of the State are described. An article entitled 'Hardness of Illinois Municipal Water Supplies' shows the character of the mineral matter contained in the various municipal water supplies. Our latest conclusions concerning the methods of 'Interpretation of Results' are included and there is also a chapter giving data concerning municipal water supplies which has been collected since the publication of Bulletin No. 5. Special thanks are due to the regular laboratory staff for their assistance in this work, to Mr. J. S. Rogers for the article on 'Determination of Nitrates in Drinking Water,' to Dr. A. W. Sellards for the article on 'Current Methods of Sanitary Water Analysis,' to Mr. W. R. Gelston, Superintendent Quincy Water Works, for the description of the methods of removing incrustation from the water main at Quincy, and to Miss Mabel Bush for the compilation of the data concerning municipal water supplies. Respectfully submitted, EDWARD BARTOW, Director. 
 Agency ID:  B-7 
 ISL ID:  000000000726   Original UID: 999999992007 
  Documents:  20060927102817_ISWSB-7.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical and biological survey of the waters of Illinois: report for year ending December 31, 1911

 
 Volume/Number:  1912  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  EDMUND JANES JAMES, PH.D., LL.D., President University of Illinois. SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the State Water Survey for two years ending December 31, 1911, and request that it be printed as a bulletin of the University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series No. 9. The report contains a statement concerning the expansion of the Survey during the latter half of the year, made possible by increased appropriations, a summary showing the analytical work done in each year since the foundation of the Survey, and a summary showing the analytical work done in each month during 1911, and a brief review of work being done with reference to the quality of water in the state by other organizations. Abstracts of reports of the engineering division are given. There are several special articles which describe the expermental work and investigations carried on during the year. Thanks are due to the regular laboratory staff for their interest in the work of the Survey and to Prof. A. N. Talbot, Dr. R. H. Jesse, Mr. C. E. Millar, M. S., and Mr. B. H. Harrison, B.S., for assistance rendered in the preparation of special articles, and to Messrs. Alvord and Burdick for permission to publish the report on the pollution of Fox River at Geneva. Credit is given in appropriate places for the part each has taken. Respectfully submitted, EDWARD BARTOW, Director. 
 Agency ID:  B-9 
 ISL ID:  000000000727   Original UID: 999999992009 
  Documents:  20060927103059_ISWSB-9.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical and biological survey of the waters of Illinois: report for year ending December 31, 1912

 
 Volume/Number:  1913  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  EDMUND JANES JAMES, PH.D., LL.D., President University of Illinois. SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the State Water Survey for the year ending December 31, 1912, and request that it be printed as a bulletin of the University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series No. 10. The report contains a summary of the work done by the laboratory and engineering divisions in accordance with the laws creating the State Water Survey and imposing upon it new and additional duties. (Laws of Illinois, 40th General Assembly 1897, 12; 47th General Assembly, 1911, 43. Bulletin University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series, 9, 7-8.) The report covers the first full year with the increased appropriation allowed by the 47th General Assembly. The special report by the engineering division shows the additional work accomplished and also confirms our belief that there would be a demand for the services of our engineering division. Several other organizations whose work is related in some way to the work of the State Water Survey is briefly summarized in the report. There are several articles that describe special experimental work and special investigations. Many cities have been visited during the year. The purpose of each visit, the observations made, and the recommendations, if any, are given. Thanks are due to the regular staff for their interest in the work of the Survey and to Dr. L. L. Burgess, Mr. O. Kamm, Mr. H. L. Olin, and Mr. C. H. Spaulding, for assistance rendered in the preparation of special articles. Credit is given in appropriate places for the part each has taken. Respectfully submitted, EDWARD BARTOW, Director. 
 Agency ID:  B-10 
 ISL ID:  000000000731   Original UID: 999999992010 
  Documents:  20060927184935_ISWSB-10.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical and biological survey of the waters of Illinois: report for year ending December 31, 1913

 
 Volume/Number:  1914  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  EDMUND JANES JAMES, PH.D., LL.D., President University of Illinois. SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the State Water Survey for the year ending December 31, 1913, and request that it be printed as a bulletin of the University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series No. 11. The report contains an account of the work done by the Water Survey in accordance with the laws (Laws of Illinois, 40th General Assembly 1897, 12; 47th General Assembly, 1911, 43. Bulletin University of Illinois, State Water Survey Series, 9, 7-8). The General Report gives a summary of the chemical, biological and engineering work done and an account of the special investigations made during the year. Some interesting and valuable scientific investigations have been carried on by both the chemists and engineers. Advice relative to public water supplies has been given a large number of cities and plans for all new projects have been reviewed and reported upon. Extensive sanitary surveys of watersheds have been made which are proving of much value to cities facing the problem of sewage treatment. This work should be continued to cover all the watersheds of the state. During the year a co-operative arrangement has been perfected with the Rivers and Lakes Commission which increases the effectiveness of the Survey's work along the lines of stream cleaning. Thorough investigations have been made of several typhoid fever epidemics, suspected of being water borne. The most important of Health. During the Ohio River floods of April, the Survey was able to render valuable service in protecting water supplies and establishing sanitary conditions. Respectfully submitted, EDWARD BARTOW, Director. 
 Agency ID:  B-11 
 ISL ID:  000000000732   Original UID: 999999992011 
  Documents:  20060927185238_ISWSB-11.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Selected analytical methods for well and aquifer evaluation

 
 Volume/Number:  1962  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  The practical application of selected analytical methods to well and aquifer evaluation problems in Illinois is described in this report. The subject matter includes formulas and methods used to quantitatively appraise the geohydrologic parameters affecting the water-yielding capacity of wells and aquifers and formulas and methods used to quantitatively appraise the response of wells and aquifers to heavy pumping. Numerous illustrative examples of analyses based on actual field data are presented. The aquifer test is one of the most useful tools available to hydrologists. Analysis of aquifer test data to determine the hydraulic properties of aquifers and confining beds under nonleaky artesian, leaky artesian, water table, partial penetration, and geohydrologic boundary conditions is discussed and limitations of various methods of analysis are reviewed. Hydraulic properties also are estimated with specific-capacity data and maps of the water table or piezometric surface. The role of individual units of multiunit aquifers is appraised by statistical analysis of specific capacity data. The influence of geohydrologic boundaries on the yields of wells and aquifers is determined by means of the image-well theory. The image-well theory is applied to multiple boundary conditions by taking into consideration successive reflections on the boundaries. Several methods for evaluating recharge rates involving flow-net analysis and hydrologic and groundwater budgets are described in detail. Well loss in production wells is appraised with step-drawdown test data, and well screens and artificial packs are designed based on the mechanical analysis of the aquifer. Optimum well spacings are estimated taking into consideration aquifer characteristics and economics. Emphasis is placed on the quantitative evaluation of the practical sustained yields of wells and aquifers by available analytical methods. The actual groundwater condition is simulated by a model aquifer having straight-line boundaries, an effective width, length, and thickness, and sometimes a confining bed with an effective thickness. The hydraulic properties of the model aquifer and its confining bed, if present, the image-well theory, and appropriate groundwater formulas are used to construct a mathematical model that provides a means of evaluating the performance of wells and aquifers. Records of past pumpage and water levels establish the validity of this mechanism as a model of the response of an aquifer to heavy pumping. 
 Agency ID:  B-49 
 ISL ID:  000000000733   Original UID: 999999992049 
  Documents:  20060927190115_ISWSB-49.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Climatology of severe winter storms in Illinois

 
 Volume/Number:  1969  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  A detailed climatological study of all severe winter storms occurring in Illinois during the 1900-1960 period has been pursued to obtain extensive information concerning these frequently quite damaging snow and ice storms. This study provides information that enlarges our knowledge of the basic climatological aspects of winter storms, statistics concerning the amount and types of damage they produce, descriptions of the meteorological conditions producing these storms, and data helpful in the design and planning for these events. 
 Agency ID:  B-53 
 ISL ID:  000000000734   Original UID: 999999992053 
  Documents:  20060927190344_ISWSB-53.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Corrosion by domestic waters

 
 Volume/Number:  1975  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  Essential data on corrosion gathered by the Illinois State Water Survey in isolated or programmed studies, and from experience at state institutions since 1950, are summarized. A brief review of basic fundamentals of corrosion is presented as background for the summaries. Also included are some of the general and specific recommendations concerning inhibitors and construction materials that were developed through laboratory and field evaluations for use by architects, engineers, and institutional maintenance personnel. Appendixes contain a discussion of corrosion in water wells and pumps and two ancillary papers for orientation and recognition of other factors related to distribution system water quality. 
 Agency ID:  B-59 
 ISL ID:  000000000735   Original UID: 999999992059 
  Documents:  20060927190634_ISWSB-59.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Chemical survey of the waters of Illinois: report for the years 1897-1902

 
 Volume/Number:  1903  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  SIR: Herewith I submit a report of the work of the Chemical Survey of the Water Supplies of Illinois, covering the years 1897 to 1902, inclusive. As was stated in my preliminary report, published in 1897, portions of which are incorporated in the present report, the aims of the survey include the determination of the present sanitary condition of the water supplies drawn from the lakes, the streams, and the wells of the State; the determination of the normal condition of uncontaminated waters; the formulation of local standards of purity based upon the results of analyses of water derived from unpolluted sources; the provision of such means as shall afford to citizens of the State opportunity to obtain immediate information regarding the wholesomeness of the potable waters in which they are directly interested; and in general the prevention of the development and dissemination of disease from the use of impure water. The press of work in certain of these directions has been so great that comparatively little has been accomplished in others, and a mass of data concerning the normal condition of ground waters must be left for digestion and discussion at some future time. The present report may be broadly divided into three parts, namely: 1. A brief consideration of the sanitary condition of the ordinary ground waters and matters relating thereto. Accompanying this there is a paper upon 'The Geology of Illinois as Related to Water Supplies,' by Charles W. Rolfe, Professor of Geology in the University. 2. Results of the mineral analysis of some four hundred and sixty samples of water mainly from wells of considerable depth. 3. A report of the investigation of the surface waters of the State, relating chiefly to the Illinois River and some of its tributaries. Most of the routine work of these investigations has been conducted by Mr. C. V. Millar, M. S., and Mr. R. W. Stark, B. S., to whom special commendation is due for the continued interest, the skill and the unfailing zeal with which they have furthered the purposes of the Survey. At various times we have further been ably assisted by Mr. F. C. Koch, M. S.; Mr. E. P. Walters, B. S.; Mr. A. D. Emmett, B. S.; and Mr. A. L. Marsh. Respectfully submitted, ARTHUR W. PALMER, Sc . D., Professor of Chemistry. 
 Agency ID:  B-2 
 ISL ID:  000000000736   Original UID: 999999993677 
  Documents:  20060927191321_ISWSB-2.pdf
 
 

Title:  

History of the Urbana weather station

 
 Volume/Number:  1963  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  The Urbana weather station on the campus of the University of Illinois, now called the Morrow Plots Weather Station, has an interesting history. The station is one of the oldest University installations still in operation, and it is unique in comparison with other weather stations in Illinois.This chronicle of the campus weather station concerns not only the types of weather data that have been collected, but also the persons who operated the station and the instruments used to collect the data. The factors, which tie these facets of the past together, are the reasons for the stations existence. 
 Agency ID:  C-88 
 ISL ID:  000000000737   Original UID: 999999993740 
  Documents:  20060927191732_ISWSC-88.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Illinois tornadoes

 
 Volume/Number:  1971  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  This report presents the climatology of Illinois tornadoes based on data from the 1916-1969 period, and offers a variety of general interest tornado facts. Illinois ranks eighth nationally in the number of tornadoes, but first in deaths and second in tornado damages. On the average, there are 10 tornadoes per year, occurring on five days. The annual average death rate from these storms is slightly over 19with an injured average of 110 people. A majority (65 percent) of Illinois tornadoes occur during March through June, with 15-21 April being the prime 7-day period. Over 40 percent occur between 1500 and 1800 CST, and 65 percent take place from 1400-2000 CST. Five of the outstanding Illinois tornado days of the 1916-1969 period are discussed in detail, including the famed Tri-State tornado of 18 March 1925, the most devastating tornado in the United States since systematic collection of tornado data began in 1916.The general information includes, among other items, basic definitions pertinent to tornadoes, safety precautions, formulation of a tornado forecast, and methods for remote detection of tornadoes. 
 Agency ID:  C-103 
 ISL ID:  000000000738   Original UID: 999999993755 
  Documents:  20060927192113_ISWSC-103.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Planning a domestic ground water supply system

 
 Volume/Number:  1973  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  This circular presents basic information needed to plan and develop a domestic groundwater supply. A logical step-by-step planning summary is outlined. Accepted and recommended methods for a prospective owner of a domestic well to determine his water requirements and to gather meaningful information for planning his supply are presented. Also included are brief discussions on the occurrence, movement, availability, and quality of groundwater in Illinois, and the commonly used types of wells and pumps. 
 Agency ID:  C-116 
 ISL ID:  000000000739   Original UID: 999999993773 
  Documents:  20060927192321_ISWSC-116.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Wells and pumping systems for domestic water supplies

 
 Volume/Number:  1973  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  This circular presents basic information on wells and pumping systems used for farm and domestic groundwater supplies. It describes types of wells and their construction, development, and costs. It discusses the various types of pumps and pressure tanks, how to select them, and their costs. Suggestions on locating wells to prevent pollution and procedures for disinfecting a homewater supply system are included. 
 Agency ID:  C-117 
 ISL ID:  000000000740   Original UID: 999999993774 
  Documents:  20060927192426_ISWSC-117.pdf
 
 

Title:  

Water quality and treatment of domestic groundwater supplies

 
 Volume/Number:  1973  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 0038
 Description:  This circular presents basic information on water quality and treatment of domestic and farm groundwater supplies. It describes tests and practices that assure a safe sanitary water quality, and discusses in detail the common minerals and natural gases that are of concern to home water supplies in Illinois. It describes water treatment procedures and equipment for disinfection, iron removal, softening, methane and hydrogen sulfide gas removal, and their costs. 
 Agency ID:  C-118 
 ISL ID:  000000000741   Original UID: 999999993775 
  Documents:  20060927192535_ISWSC-118.pdf
 
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