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Hydrology, hydraulics, and sediment transport, Kankakee and Iroquois Rivers

 Volume/Number:  1983  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 
 Date Created:  9 24 2004 
 Agency ID:   
 ISL ID:  000000000935   Original UID: 999999993966 
  Documents:  20061006185323_ISWSRI-103.pdf


Hydrology, nutrient, and sediment monitoring for Hurricane and Kickapoo Creek watersheds: Water Year 2000-2002: Pilot watershed program.

 Volume/Number:  2006  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 
 Description:  The Hurricane and Kickapoo Creek watersheds lie in three counties in southeastern Illinois. The drainage areas of Hurricane Creek and Kickapoo Creek at their confluences with the Embarras River are 56 and 101 square miles, respectively. Hurricane Creek joins the Embarras River at river mile 94.2 and has two tributaries: East and West Branch Hurricane Creek. The Kickapoo Creek is also a tributary of the Embarras River at river mile 115.5. The Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) conducted a 2.5-year watershed monitoring study of the Hurricane and Kickapoo Creek watersheds for the Embarras River Ecosystem Partnership-Conservation 2000 Ecosystem Program and Illinois Department of Natural Resources Pilot Watershed Program. The purpose was to collect hydrologic and water quality data to provide a better understanding of the cumulative impacts of future best management practices (BMPs) implemented in the watersheds. However, the BMP implementation programs never occurred. The ISWS established two streamgaging stations on Hurricane Creek and one on Kickapoo Creek. Streamflow, sediment, nitrogen, and phosphorus were monitored for the entire study period (April 2000-September 2002). The Mattoon wastewater treatment plant contributes approximately 27 percent of the annual discharge at the Kickapoo Creek station. Annual runoff was much higher at all stations in Water Year 2002 (WY02) than in the preceding 1.5 years. Annual sediment loads in WY02 were twice the loads in WY00 and WY01. The Kickapoo station had higher mean annual nitrate concentrations and load per unit area than the two Hurricane stations. 
 Date Created:  8 30 2006 
 Agency ID:   
 ISL ID:  000000000957   Original UID: 999999994478 
  Documents:  20061005200339_ISWSCR2006-03.pdf


Hydrology of the Big Creek Watershed and its influence on the Lower Cache River

 Volume/Number:  2001  
 Issuing Agency:  Illinois State Water Survey 
 Description:  A primary concern in the management of the Lower Cache River is the amount of sediment that is deposited in the river's valley in the vicinity of Buttonland Swamp. From previous monitoring studies it is known that floodwaters from Big Creek convey a significant amount of sediment and create a reverse flow condition in the Cache River that carries the sediment into Buttonland Swamp. This study investigated the potential influence of several management alternatives in reducing or eliminating the reverse flow condition in the Cache River, which would alleviate much of the sediment concern. Management alternatives include various options for detention storage in the Big Creek watershed as well as redirecting the lower portion of Big Creek to the west, away from Buttonland Swamp. To evaluate the impact of these alternatives, the hydrology of the Big Creek watershed and its influence on the hydraulics of the Lower Cache River were investigated using two models. The HEC-1 flood hydrology model was used to simulate the rainfall-runoff response of tributaries draining to the Lower Cache River, with emphasis on Big Creek and estimating the impact of detention storage on the Big Creek flood flows. The UNET unsteady flow routing model was then used to evaluate the flow patterns in the Lower Cache River and the impact of management alternatives on flow direction, flood discharge, and stage. Under existing conditions, the UNET model shows that reverse flow occurs in the Lower Cache River east of Big Creek confluence during all the flood events considered. Various detention alternatives in the Big Creek watershed have the potential to reduce the peak of the reverse flow by 26 to 76 percent. Of the detention alternatives examined, the larger detention facilities in the lower reaches of Big Creek appear to produce the greatest reduction in reverse flows. An alternative to divert the lower portion of Big Creek has the potential to totally eliminate reverse flows in the area immediately east of the Big Creek confluence with the Lower Cache River, but may cause increased flooding to the west. To eliminate most of the reverse flow east of Big Creek, and at the same time not increase flood stages farther west on the Lower Cache River, it may be necessary to use a combination of detention storage and either a partial or total diversion of the lower portion of Big Creek. For example, the use of the split flow alternative in combination with the many ponds and Cache valley detention alternatives reduces the peak reverse flows east of Big Creek by 81 percent for a 2-year flood and 92 percent for a 100-year flood. This combined alternative also accomplishes a reduction in the peak stages farther downstream west of Interstate 57 by approximately 0.5 foot. 
 Date Created:  9 24 2004 
 Agency ID:   
 ISL ID:  000000000836   Original UID: 999999994317 
  Documents:  20060930185231_ISWSCR2001-06.pdf
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